Throughout Year 2 children will build on their previous learning in order to gain a deeper understanding of the relationships between numbers. Children will be taught to recognise patterns and connections between numbers and number facts. This will help them to use what they know to solve problems.
The emphasis is on developing their knowledge of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division through written and mental methods. They will practice recalling key number facts with speed and accuracy and then be taught how to use these them to calculate and work out unknown facts.
Children will be taught how to solve increasingly complex problems by applying their mathematics and breaking down these problems into a series of manageable steps to enable them to come up with a solution. This means that they can use their knowledge appropriately and creatively in order to apply it in new and unfamiliar situations e.g. using multiplication facts to solve a measurement or money problem.
Fractions, geometry, statistics and measures are also integrated into Year Two projects wherever possible. Children will be taught how to choose and use appropriate standard units of measures in order to compare things more accurately and consistently and to recognise, find, name and write fractions of a length, shape, set of objects or a quantity. They will be taught to identify and describe the properties of regular and irregular shapes and to collect data in order to make and interpret simple charts and tables.
During Year Two children will be taught to read, write and use correct mathematical vocabulary and to reason and explain mathematical concepts and procedures.