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Cove Infant School

Growing and Achieving together

Year 2

Year 2 


n Year 2, White Rose Maths continues to build a strong foundation in key mathematical concepts, with a greater emphasis on problem-solving and reasoning. This ensures that pupils not only understand mathematical processes but can also apply them in various contexts. Here is a summary of each concept covered in Year 2:


Place Value

Children learn to recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones). They explore counting in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward.


Addition and Subtraction

This level involves adding and subtracting numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including two-digit numbers and ones, two-digit numbers and tens, adding two two-digit numbers, and adding three one-digit numbers.



Children calculate and compare amounts of money, using symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.


Multiplication and Division

Introduction to multiplication and division using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5, and 10 times tables.



Children will build upon their learning in Year 1 and will learn about 1/3, 1/4, 2/4, and 3/4, finding the fraction of a length, shape, set of objects, or quantity. They also learn to write simple fractions and understand the concept of equivalence between 2/4 and 1/2.


Length and Height

Measurement of length and height is further developed, and children start using standard units (cm/m). They also learn to compare and combine different measurements.



Children will learn to tell and write time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour as well as telling the time to 5 minutes.


Properties of Shapes

This includes identifying and describing the properties of 2-D and 3-D shapes, including the number of sides, vertices, edges, faces, and lines of symmetry.


Position and Direction

Children use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction, and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half, and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).



Children use simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams, and simple tables to represent data and solve related problems.


Mass, Temperature, and Volume

Children compare and order different masses and volumes, and measure the temperature in degrees Celsius.