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Cove Infant School

Physical Education (P.E.)

Physical Education (P.E.)

At Cove Infant School our vision is to promote a long term healthy lifestyle that is enjoyable and fulfilling. Our children are inspired to engage in lifelong activity, raise their attainment and build self-esteem. Physical education is an important and unique part of the curriculum that contributes to the development and maintenance of fitness, motor skills, health and brain development.


Pupils learn social skills through activities involving co-operation and collaboration which enhances teamwork and leadership. Pupils will develop positive attitudes towards themselves and will gain a sense of fair play, understanding how to conduct themselves in competitive situations. Sport transcends cultural boundaries and children are given opportunities to experience other traditions through dance and games.

Year R


Physical Development.

Young children learn best through play and in Year R they experience activities which help to develop both their gross and fine motor skills. Children enjoy physical play, both indoors and out. They revel in freedom of movement and in play that is inventive, adventurous and stimulating.


These are some of the gross motor skills that the children take part in during their learning:

  • Jumping
  • Crawling through tunnels
  • Balancing planks
  • Running
  • Apparatus
  • Lying on tummy
  • Riding bikes
  • Marks in sand
  • Large construction equipment


These activities develop body management, balance, bodily co-ordination, strength, agility and confidence




Children also have opportunities to use different equipment and tools in order to develop their fine motor skills.

  • Building blocks
  • Jigsaws
  • Construction
  • Paint, pencils
  • Hammering
  • Cutting
  • Playdoh
  • Tweezers, nuts and bolts, pipe cleaners into colanders,



These activities promote hand-eye co-ordination, spatial awareness, fine motor control, accuracy, two handed co-ordination and manipulative strength

Year 1



  • Learn to control and co-ordinate their bodies more accurately.
  • Explore the skills of travelling, balance, flight and rocking and rolling.
  • Begin to apply skills in simple sequences, linking movements and skills together.
  • Explore different levels and speeds.


  • Use stories to enable them to create movements in response to music.
  • The children will communicate the thoughts, moods and feelings of characters through movement and gesture.


  • Develop more accuracy with throwing and catching. Begin to apply these skills in paired games.
  • Develop their aiming skills to ensure better accuracy over a longer distance, using underarm and overarm techniques.
  • Become more accurate and consistent with the skills they are learning.
  • Develop bat and ball skills


Year 2 



  • Produce sequences of movement, applying all the key skills that they have learned in previous years.
  • Perform more complex tasks with enhanced control, co-ordination, flexibility and balance.
  • Create and perform sequences with a partner.
  • Develop a more sophisticated understanding of the importance of exercise and how to eat healthily.


  • Create their own individual dances as well as working in pairs or trios.
  • Movements show contrast in shape, speed, level and size.
  • The children learn to appreciate each other’s dances and become ‘critical friends’ giving suggestions about how to improve their routines.


  • Begin to take part in small sided games, which enables them to apply their skills and tactical thinking.
  • Create their own games, including developing rules to control the game and more sophisticated scoring systems. The children also create a book of games for the Year R children to use.
  • Learn to play game called ‘Wacko’, which is a game similar to Rounders. This fast moving team game allows children to be constantly engaged in the play, scoring points for their team.


During the summer term, the children take part in a ‘Let’s Get Going’ Project where they learn about being healthy and look at the effect of exercise on their body. They then create a range of mini games for children in the school to play. They have to create a set of rules for their activity.


The school holds an annual sports day when children work competitively in a variety of multi-skills activities. Across the year groups, four colour teams compete to win points. All children contribute and a trophy is awarded to the team with the most points.


Children learn to work collaboratively in team games and will strive to develop their own ‘personal bests’ at a range of activities, learning to persevere when things become difficult. Children will learn to enjoy participating in exercise which helps them to achieve a healthy lifestyle. PE will help to promote self-confidence and self-esteem. A love of sport will encourage children to participate in exercise outside of school as well