Mathematics is a creative discipline which transcends cultural boundaries; a truly global language, essential to everyday life. Mathematics develops thinking and provides a uniquely powerful set of tools to understand and change the world. It can stimulate moments of pleasure and wonder when a problem is solved for the first time or a more elegant solution is discovered. Mathematics encourages perseverance, curiosity, logical thinking and the seeking of patterns gains insights into its structures, beauty and power.
‘Mathematics is the abstract key which turns the lock of the physical universe.’
Through our rich and varied curriculum we offer our children a wide variety of experiences, so that they become familiar and confident in using mathematics in everyday life.
‘You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation’
Counting is an essential part of early mathematical understanding and this is developed across the reception year through child initiated play and adult led learning. Children are taught to recite and recognise numerals zero to twenty in order to compare numbers and solve practical problems. Through rich first hand experiences the children will also explore 2D and 3D shapes and compare measures in a variety of contexts. The children are taught the use of correct mathematical vocabulary in order to help them reason and explain their thinking.
‘Tell me and I forget. Show me and I remember. Involve me and I understand.’
As the children enter Year 1 they start to explore numbers up to one hundred, how they fit into our number system and begin to understand the pattern and relationship between these numbers.
Throughout the year the children are taught how to partition and recombine numbers to enable them to understand addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and apply this knowledge in order to solve one step problems. Children are taught a variety of ways to represent their work.
Counting becomes more complex in Year 1 as the children learn to count in multiples of 2, 5 and 10. They then begin to apply this knowledge in different contexts e.g. shopping and money exchange, counting pairs of socks and for grouping and sharing large amounts of objects.
Fraction, shape and measure are integrated into the Year 1 projects to give them a real context and purpose where children can apply their skills. Children are taught a half and quarter as fractions of a shape, a number and a quantity and how to apply this knowledge to solve a problem.
During Year 1 children will use and compare different types of quantities and measures using non-standard units and start to use common standard measures such as metres, litres and grams.
The understanding and use of mathematical vocabulary is taught and further developed to enable children to engage with others to explain their strategies and thinking.
Throughout Year 2 children will build on their previous learning in order to gain a deeper understanding of the relationships between numbers. Children will be taught to recognise patterns and connections between numbers and number facts. This will help them to use what they know to solve problems.
- The emphasis is on developing their knowledge of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division through written and mental methods. They will practice recalling key number facts with speed and accuracy and then be taught how to use these them to calculate and work out unknown facts.
Children will be taught how to solve increasingly complex problems by applying their mathematics and breaking down these problems into a series of manageable steps to enable them to come up with a solution. This means that they can use their knowledge appropriately and creatively in order to apply it in new and unfamiliar situations e.g. using multiplication facts to solve a measurement or money problem.
Fractions, geometry, statistics and measures are also integrated into Year Two projects wherever possible. Children will be taught how to choose and use appropriate standard units of measures in order to compare things more accurately and consistently and to recognise, find, name and write fractions of a length, shape, set of objects or a quantity. They will be taught to identify and describe the properties of regular and irregular shapes and to collect data in order to make and interpret simple charts and tables.
During Year Two children will be taught to read, write and use correct mathematical vocabulary and to reason and explain mathematical concepts and procedures.